本年是米德诞辰160周年米德,芝加哥大…来自新传考研任意门-微博(本年是米德诞辰100年吗)缩略图

本年是米德诞辰160周年米德,芝加哥大…来自新传考研任意门-微博(本年是米德诞辰100年吗)

??经过研讨历年考研真题可以发现,考研英语高文文根柢上是3段规划。第一段描绘图像,从图像描绘的细节中推导出文章的主题。第二段提示图像内在,并对图像的内在进行分析、证明。第三段总结全文,照顾标题,点明主旨,深化中心。  接下来,咱们细心分析下每一段该怎么去写。今日的文章较长,主张我们先保藏再看~  01首段办法  根据考研高文文的规划规划可知,高文文的首段首要就是描绘图像,从图像描绘的细节中推导出文章的主题。这种对图像进行描绘,并给出自个了解的办法叫作表象阐释法。表象阐释法是考研高文文首段最常用的一种办法。描绘图像而且由对图像的描绘过渡到自个观念或许图像内在的提出这两个有些至关重要。这两个有些常用的句式如下:  (一)描绘图像  1. the cartoon vividly depicts .???? 这幅漫画生动地描绘了。  2. as is described in the picture, . 如图中所描绘的,。  3. as is vividly indicated in the above drawing/picture,? .  如上图生动地描绘的那样,。  4. the drawing, thought-provoking as it is, does mirror a social phenomenon that .  这幅发人沉思的图像的确反映了这样一个社会表象:。  5. in the cartoon presented to us,? . obviously, what the cartoon? illustrates/reveals is .  在展示给咱们的图像中,。显着,该图像阐明/提示的是。  6. as is symbolically depicted in the drawing above, . although the drawing is designed simply, it does reveal that .  正如上图标志性地描绘的相同,。尽管该图很简略,它的确反映了。  7. as is vividly illustrated in the cartoon,? . the central point of this cartoon is that .  正如漫画中生动展示的,。该漫画的主旨是。  8. as the bar chart shows, the number of? has dramatically increased/decreased during the? years from? to .  如柱状图所示,的数量从年到年年之间急剧添加/削减。  9. from the graph, we know the statistics of? and . it can be seen easily that .  从图表中咱们可知和的数据。咱们可以很简略地看出。  10. from the bar chart, it is clear that between? and? the amount of? ranged from? to .  从柱状图中可以理解地看到,从到,的数量在到之间改变。  11. as the bar chart shows, great changes concerning? took place between? and .  柱状图标明,从到,发生了很大的改变。  12. as can be seen in the graph,?? saw great changes in? between? and .  从图表可知,在到之间,发生了无量改变。  13. recently, the rise in the problem of??? has aroused public/wide concern.  迩来,疑问的添加现已致使了大众/广泛的重视。  14. recently, the issue of??? has been brought into focus/brought to public attention.  迩来,疑问现已变成我们重视的焦点。  15. the problem of? has caused wide concern over recent years.  这些年,疑问现已致使了广泛的重视。  16. with the rapid growth of ,?? have/has become increasingly important in our daily life.  跟着的快速增加,在咱们的往常日子中现已变得越来越重要。  17. now there is a growing awareness/recognition of the necessity to .  如今,我们越来越知道到的必要性。  18. now people in growing/significant numbers are beginning/coming to realize/be aware that .  如今,越来越多的人初步知道到。  19. after a good many years of enthusiasm for , people begin to .  热心于多年之后,我们初步。  20. one of the burning/pressing problems facing/confronting our nation/society today is .  咱们的国家/社会今日面临的急迫疑问之一是。  21. with? playing an increasingly important role in , more and more .  跟着在中的作用日益重要,越来越多的。  22. whenever you see/find , you can’t help being shocked/surprised at .  每当看到/发现的时分,你会不由为感到震动/惊奇。  23. undoubtedly this picture describes a scenario that .  毫无疑问,这幅图像描绘了这样一个景象。  24. the drawing given above portrays a thought-provoking scene that .  上面的图像为咱们展示了一个发人沉思的场景。  (二) 引出自个观念或图像内在  1. this picture demonstrates one of the basic theories of philosophy: .  这幅图像展示了哲学的一个根柢理论:。  2. such a picture draws attention to the fact that .  这样一种画面招引咱们留心到这样的实际:。  3. the purpose of the drawing is to show us that .  这幅画是为了向咱们展示。  4. the painter reminds us of a common social phenomenon: .  画的作者提示咱们留心一个广泛的社会表象:。  5. from the picture above we are informed that .  从上面这幅图像,咱们可以得知。  6. it ironically depicts the common phenomenon that .  图像讥讽地描绘了一个广泛的社会表象:。  7. this drawing reflects a prevailing trend that .  这幅图像提示了当今一个大趋势:。  8. what the above pictures intend to illustrate is that .  上面的图像意在阐明。  9. the aim of the portrayal is to illustrate that . 这幅画旨在阐明。  10. the drawing reveals a thought-provoking truth that .  这幅图像提示了一个发人沉思的道理。  11. apparently, the painter wishes to draw our attention to the social phenomenon that .  显着,绘画者期望咱们留心这样一个社会表象。  12. the simple but thought-provoking cartoon
本年是米德诞辰160周年米德,芝加哥大…来自新传考研任意门-微博(本年是米德诞辰100年吗)插图
tends to highlight nothing but .  这幅简略却发人沉思的漫画偏重了。  13. the primary purpose of the drawings is to emphasize .  图像的首要意图是偏重。  02中心段办法  考研高文文的中心段又称主旨段,一般是提示图像内在,并对图像的内在进行分析、证明。中心段首要要写好主题句。写主题句时,要留心以下两点:  ①期间主题句的内容应饱满,切忌空泛。一个期间的信息容量是有限的,假定主题句限制的规模太笼统,其内容就难以在一个期间中论说理解。  例如:the relationship is depressing.看到这个论题,咱们忍不住会问啥样的联络,沮丧到了何种程度,这都很难界定,让人无从下手。咱们可以改写为:the relationship between parents and children is more depressing compared with decades ago.  ②期间主题句应有打开的空间,不宜太具体。期间主题句限制规模太窄晦气于期间的打开论说。  例如:going to college, one can make friends.看到这个语句的时分,信赖大有些考生会有语句现已把?低甑母写ァT涤墒钦飧鲋魈饩湎拗频墓婺L恕T勖强梢愿某桑篻oing to college, one can learn more and thus make more suitable friends.  写好主题句,接下来就是对主题句进行证明晰。一般来讲,真实抉择作文表达作用的仍是中心段。为了紧扣题意,增强表达作用,中心段的写作可选用以下三种办法:因果证明法、比照法、举例法。  (一)因果证明法  因果证明法是给出一个观念,并从不一样的几个方面分条罗列缘由或答应以的影响的办法。因果证明法常用的材料有:  引出缘由  1. there may be a combination of factors which contribute to/are responsible for/can explain .  或许有一些要素构成/可以说明。  2. there are probably three/many/several/a variety of reasons for this dramatic/significant increase/decline in .  致使显着增加/降低的缘由有三个/许多/几个/许多。  3. some reasons can explain this trend. 一些缘由可以说明这一趋势。  4. why? ?为啥?  5. the causes of? are varied. they include , and perhaps the main cause is .  构成的缘由有许多,包括,首要缘由可所以。  6. the reason for this is not far to seek. 这一疑问的缘由不难发现。  7. it is no easy task to identify the reasons for this phenomenon which involves several complicated factors.  要找出这一表象的缘由并非易事,因为它触及若干凌乱的要素。  8. there are numerous reasons why , and i would explore only a few of the most important ones here. 的缘由有许多,这儿我只想谈论其间几个最重要的缘由。  9. there are many reasons responsible for this phenomenon, and the following are the typical ones.  致使这种表象的缘由有许多,以下是其间比照有代表性的。  10. there are many reasons explaining this case. as for me, i regard the following as the typical ones.  有许多缘由可以说明该疑问。就我而言,我认为以下缘由比照典型。  11. a number of factors could account for/contribute to/lead to/result in the change of .  致使改变的要素有许多。  12. any discussion about this problem would inevitably involve .  任何对此疑问的谈论都不可以避免地触及。  13. one may attribute/ascribe the increase/decrease/change to .  我们可以将这一增加/降低/改变归因于。  14. we may blame/criticize for ,but the causes/roots of the problem/phenomenon/trend go much deeper.  咱们或许会因为批判,可是这一疑问/表象/趋势不和有着更深层次的缘由。  分条罗列缘由  1. in the first place, . in the second place, .  首要,。其次,。  2. first, . second,? . 首要,。其次,。  3. to begin with, . secondly, . last but not least, .  首要,。其次,。最终但并不是最不重要的,。  4. the first reason is that . the second one is . the third is .  第一个缘由是。第二个缘由是。第三个缘由是。  5. first of all, . secondly, . furthermore, .  首要,。其次,。另外,。  6. for one thing, . for another, .  一方面,。另一方面,。  7. firstly, . secondly, . thirdly, .  首要,。其次,。再次,。  8. another reason why i disagree with the above statements is that i believe.  我不附和上述观念的另一个缘由是我认为。  (二)比照法  比照法是经过正反两方面的比照来阐释主题的办法。中心段中比照法的运用一般是先提示图像内在,再从正反两方面证明图像的内在。比照法常用的材料有:  1. the advantages gained in? outweigh/are much greater than the advantages we gain from . 从中获取的优势远远跨越咱们从中获取的。  2.? bear(s) a close/striking resemblance to .  与极为类似。  3. on the one hand, . on the other hand, .  一方面,。另一方面,。  4. similarly/likewise/in the same way, . 相同,。  5. although? enjoy(s) a distinct advantage, .  尽管有显着优势,可是。  6. many students like . among them there are two different attitudes to . some of them think that . others, however, don’t think so. they feel that .  许多学生喜爱。关于他们有两种不一样的观念。有人认为。而另外一些则不附和这种观点。他们认为。  7. nothing/few things can approach/equal/match . 没有啥能与比较。  8. indeed,? carries more weight than? when? is concerned.  的确,就而言,的重要性要跨越。  9. serious as the problem may be, it pales in comparison with .  这个疑问可以很严峻,但与比较就微缺乏道了。  10. in comparison/contrast, . 比照而言/比照起来,。  11. indeed/certainly,? play(s) a more/less important role when compared with .  当然,与比较,的影响要大/小得多。  12. despite the fact that most of them like , i would like to choose to .  尽管大大都人喜爱,我仍是倾向于。  13. when the advantages and disadvantages are compared/weighed, the conclusion/finding is quite obvious/self-evident. 比照一下优缺陷,结论就清楚明晰了。  14. there is no consensus among people as to . some people suggest that , while others argue that . i agree with the latter/former.  我们并未就达到共同定见。一些人主张,而另一些人则认为。我撑持后者/前者。  15. people differ greatly in their attitudes toward this problem. some maintain that . others, on the contrary, hold the opinion that . personally, i stand on the side of .  我们关于这个疑问的情绪差异很大。有人认为。与此相反,另外一些人认为。就我自个而言,我站在这一边。  16. for most people today,? have/has become their main source of . but as for me,? should be regarded as a better source.  如今大大都人将作为的首要来历。但就我而言,应被看作一种非常好的来历。  17. may be superior to , but it poses problems for those who .  可以比非常好一些,但它会给那些的人带来疑问。  18. different people have different ideas about . some people take it for granted that . on the contrary, some other people think .  关于的观念因人而异。有人想当然地认为。相反,其别人则认为。  19. this case has aroused echoes throughout the country with more and more people following its lead, but ideas about it vary widely. those who oppose/object to/are against it argue/hold that , but people who advocate/support/are for it maintain/assert/claim that .  跟着越来越多的人参加它的部队,这一作业现已在全国致使了无量反应。可是,我们对此的观念却截然不一样。对立者认为,但撑持者则声称。  20. people differ in their opinions on . some of them believe that , while others deem that .  我们对持有不一样的观点。有些人认为,而有些人则认为。  21. many surveys show that people in increasing numbers are beginning to realize that . meanwhile, many people still live under the traditional idea that .  许多查询闪现,越来越多的人初步知道到。一起,仍有许多人持传统观念,认为。  (三)举例法  举例法是指经过罗列事例或具体细节使主题句的笼统意义具体化,进一步阐明主题句所表达的思维的办法。举例法能增强说服力和条理性。引出比方常用的材料有:  1. from my everyday experience and observation i can list several examples that defend the statement that .  根据我的往常经历和调查,我可以举出几个比方来证明。  2.? there are many instances supporting my opinion. 有许多比方可以证明我的观念。  3.? perhaps the most important example of? is .  有关的最重要的比方可所以。  4.? a case in point is . 一个恰当的比方是。  5.? take? for example. 认为例。  6.? this is a concrete example concerning . 这是一个有关的具体比方。  7. nothing could be more obvious/apparent than the evidence that .  再没有比更显着的比方了。  8. i can think of no better illustration of this idea than the example of .  要阐明这个疑问,是一个最佳的比方。  9. the latest surveys conducted by? show/reveal/demonstrate/indicate that .  由打开的最新查询闪现,。  10.? no one can deny the fact that .  没有人可以否定的实际。  11. talking about , the first thing that may occur to you and me seems to be .  说到,咱们首要想到的如同就是。  12. a common example, which is frequently cited, is .  一个被广泛引证的比方是。  13. instances of the same sort might be quoted easily, but this will be sufficient to show that .  类似的比方不堪枚举,但这一个就足以阐明。  14.? history abounds with the example of . 前史上有许多方面的比方。  15. the following example best illustrates the idea that .  下面这个比方极好地阐明晰。  16. as one writer/scientist/psychologist wrote/commented/pointed out/noted, .  正如一位作家/科学家/心思学家所写/说/指出的,。  17.? it is a commonly accepted fact that . 是一个被广泛承受的实际。  18. this is a typical/striking/notable illustration/example of .  这是的典型比方。  19. to the already familiar examples/facts, a few more/a number of other examples/facts can be added.  除了这些现已了解的比方/实际,咱们还可以举出其他的一些比方/实际。  03  末段办法  末段一般是总结全文,照顾标题,点明主旨,深化中心。简练、有力的末段可认为文章如虎添翼。末段的写作可测验运用以下四种办法:归纳总结法、名言引证法、提出主张法、猜测展望法。  (一)归纳总结法  归纳总结法指的是以文章前面的论说为根据,引出或重申文章的中心思维或结论。归纳总结法常用材料有:  1. to sum up,? can benefit us tremendously if correctly used.  言而总之,假定运用稳当,会让咱们获益匪浅。  2. therefore, it is not difficult to draw the conclusion that .  因而,不可贵出以下结论:。  3. recognizing the fact that? will lead us to conclude that .  招认这一实际,咱们能得出以下结论:。  4. the evidence upon all sides supports/confirms/leads to a conclusion that .  各方面的根据撑持/标明/得出这样一个结论:。  5. from what has been discussed above/based on the points discussed above, we can draw/arrive at the conclusion that .  综上所述,咱们能得出如下结论:。  6. in summary/conclusion/a word, it is important that we should .  总之,咱们大约,这一点很重要。  (二)名言引证法  名言引证法是指引证古今中外名人的名言警句来证明观念。名言引证法常用材料有:  1. the saying? has been widely accepted throughout the world.  名言在世界规模内被广泛承受。  2. “.” we are used to hearing such words like those.  “。”咱们常常听到这样的说法。  3. “.” such is the opinion of a great man. this remark has been confirmed time and time again by many historical events.  “。”这是一位巨大的人物的观念。该言辞现已被许多前史作业重复验证。  4. as the proverb goes, . 正如谚语所说。  5. there is an english proverb which says that . 有一个英语谚语说,。  6. there is an old saying, “.” it is the experience of our forefathers, however, it is correct in many cases even today.  古语道:“。”这是长辈的经历,但在今日许多情况下也适用。  (三)提出主张法  提出主张法是指对所谈论的疑问提出缔造性的定见或许处置疑问的具体办法。提出主张法常用材料有:  1. it is time to hear the warnings of some economists.  该是听听一些经济学家的警告的时分了。  2. it is time that we put/urged an immediate end to the undesirable situation/tendency of .  该是结束这种厌烦的情况/趋势的时分了。  3. therefore, in order to , effective means should be taken to .  所以,为了,有必要采纳有用办法来。  4.? it is high time that . here are some of the things that might be taken up immediately.  该是的时分了。这儿有几项办法可以当即着手实施。  5. it is suggested that the government should make efforts to .  我们主张政府大约做出尽力去。  6. in short/in any case, we should/ought to/must .  总之/不管如何,咱们大约/有必要。  7. awareness of the seriousness of the problem is the first step toward the solution.  知道到这个疑问的严峻性是处置疑问的第一步。  (四)猜测展望法  猜测展望法是指猜测某一表象的打开趋势或某一办法的深远影响。猜测展望法常用材料有:  1. the significance of? cannot be overvalued. 的意义严峻。  2. what will happen to ? nobody really knows. but one thing is certain: .  会发生啥作业?没有人切当晓得。但有一件事可以必定:。  3. following these suggestions may not guarantee success, but the payoff might be worth the effort. it will not only benefit? but also benefit .  或许这些主张并不能保证获得成功,可是值得一试。它不但会谋福,而且也会使获益。  4. to reverse the trend is not a light task. it requires a good awareness of .  要想改变这一趋势并非易事。这需要充分知道到。  5. people are coming to realize the importance of . some have begun to try their best to . we believe that .  我们初步知道到的重要性。许多人现已初步极力。咱们信赖。  6. it is clear/obvious/evident/apparent that . therefore, the task of? requires/demands/involves .  很显着,。因而,要结束的任有必要须。  7. with the improvement of ,? will prove to hold great superior over .  跟着的改进,将证明比更具优胜性。  8.? there is a growing tendency for people these days to , which i believe will not change in a short time.  如今,我们的趋势正在添加,而且我认为短时刻内这种趋势不会改动。  9. if everyone is willing to contribute himself to the society, it will be better and better.  假定人人都情愿为社会做出奉献,社会将变得越来越夸姣。  10. whether it is positive or negative, one thing is certain that it will undoubtedly .  不管它的作用是活泼的仍是低沉的,可以必定的是它必将。  11. whatever you do, please remember the old saying . if you understand it and apply it to your study or work, you’ll necessarily benefit a lot from it.  不管你做啥,请记住这句老话:。假定你懂得它的意思,并将其使用到学习或作业中,你定将获益匪浅。  12. the influence of? is not confined to . it also .  ***的影响不只捆绑于。它还***。  (这篇文章来历网络,如有侵权,请联络删去)????

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