2001年考研英语阅读真题及解析【第五篇】(2001年考研英语真题及答案解析)缩略图

2001年考研英语阅读真题及解析【第五篇】(2001年考研英语真题及答案解析)

passage5注解:标题为红色,翻译为蓝色,分析为绿色。????????????when i decided to quit my full time employment it never occurred to
【occur to想到…,occur on…发生在…,出现在…】?me that i might become a part of a new international trend.a lateral move【lateral move侧面移动,这里指职位间的平级移动】 that hurt my pride and blocked my professional progress prompted me to abandon my relatively high profile【high-profile知名高的【比喻用法】,而profile轮廓,属性,配置文件{计算机词汇}】 career although, in the manner of a disgraced government minister,i covered my exit by claiming .
????????????curiously, some two-and-a-half years and two novels later, my experiment in what the americans term , preached by linda kelsey for the past seven years in the pages of she magazine, into a woman who is happy to settle for a bit of everything.
【settle?for 满足于,勉强接受,】
【settle?down?①.定居下来,安家;②.静下心来(如:settle?down to do something静下心来做某事);】
【settle up 付清,清账(在负债上付清所欠)】
【settle in ①.在..地住宿下来;②.适应…环境】
【settle?on ①.站在…的地上.②.解决…问题】
【settle with ①.和某人清算(债务,还清账款)<正向>.②.找某人算账(随时准备揍他)<负向>】
????????????i have discovered, as perhaps kelsey will after her much-publicized resignation from the editorship of she after a build-up of stress, that abandoning the doctrine教义,信条 of brings with it far greater rewards than financial success and social status. nothing could persuade me to return to the kind of life kelsey used to advocate and i once?enjoyed:12-hour working days, pressured deadlines, the fearful strain of office politics【这里的politics不是政治,是权力斗争】 and the limitations of being a parent on .
????????????in america, the move away from juggling to a simpler, less materialistic物质主义的?lifestyle is a well-established trend. downshifting-also known in america as has, ironically具有讽刺意味的是, even bred a new area of what might be termed 【term做动词时,意思:把……称为,把……叫做】anticonsumerism. there are a number of bestselling downshifting self-help books for people who want to simplify their lives; there are newsletters(机构定期寄发给成员的)通讯, such as the tightwad gazette, that give hundreds of thousands of americans useful tips on anything from recycling their cling-film(cling-film保鲜膜,film不仅有电影(noun),拍摄(verb)的意思,还有薄膜(noun),在……上覆上薄膜(verb)) to making their own soap; there are even support groups for those who want to achieve the mid-90s equivalent of dropping out
(?drop out脱离(本文取这个意思);退出;退学;).
????????while in america the trend started as a reaction to the economic decline —— after the mass redundancies冗余(redundancy 的名词复数) caused by downsizing in the late80s–and is still linked to the politics of thrift(节约,节俭), in britain, at least among the middle-class downshifters of my acquaintance, we have different reasons for seeking to simplify our lives.
????????for the women of my generation who were urged to keep juggling through the90s is not so much a search for the mythical good life —— growing your own organic vegetables, and risking turning into one ——?as a personal recognition认识,承认,接受 of your limitations.
一、文章结构分析
本文是一篇关于美国人追求简朴生活这一潮流的散文。作者以第一人称的笔调叙述了自身作为一个女性且有了孩子之后的生活态度和方式的转变经历,进而谈及整个美国的情形及剖析这股潮流的成因。叙述部分前三段作为一个引子,为后面的议论作铺垫。
前三段:作者通过对自己生活方式转变的总结,进而讲述当初辞职的初衷以及现在作者的生活,并总结自己生活变化带来的益处和感悟。
第四段:段首指出这种生活方式在美国成为一个潮流,并列举一些实例说明其普遍性。
第五、六段:探讨美国和英国这一趋势的成因,并总结这种生活方式的实质就是认识到自己的局限性。
37.which of the following is true according to paragraph 1?
[a] full-time employment is a new international trend.
[b] the writer was compelled by circumstances to leave her job.
[c] means stepping out of full-time employment.
[d] the writer was only too eager to spend more time with her family.
37.按照第一段,下列哪个是个说法是正确的?
【a】全职工作是一种新的国际时尚。
【b】作者因环境所迫而辞职。
【c】“平级调动”意味着退出全日制工作。
【d】作者太想多花点时间和家人在一起了。
38. the writers experiment shows that downshifting
[a] enables her to realize her dream?
[b] helps her mold a new philosophy of life?
[c] prompts her to abandon her high social status
[d]leads her to accept the doctrine of she magazine
38.作者的经历表明“放慢生活节奏”
是。
【a】使她能够实现梦想
【b】使作者形成了一种新的生活哲学
【c】促使她放弃了较高的社会地位
【d】使她接受了《女性》杂志的观点
39.probably means living a life characterized by.
[a] non-materialis
2001年考研英语阅读真题及解析【第五篇】(2001年考研英语真题及答案解析)插图
tic lifestyle
[b] a bit of everything
[c] extreme stress
[d] anti-consumerism
39.“juggling ones life”有可能意味着过_______的生活。
【a】不追求物质利益的生话方式
【b】任何东西都有一点就行
【c】极度紧张
【d】反消费主义
40. according to the passage, downshifting emerged in the u.s. as a result of?
[a] the quick pace of modern life?
[b] mans adventurous spirit?
[c] mans search for mythical experiences?
[d] the economic situation
40.根据课文,“放慢生活节奏”在美国出现是________的结果。
【a】快节奏的现代生活
【b】人们的冒险精神
【c】人们对神秘的生活体验的追求
【d】经济形势
二、核心词汇与超纲词汇
(1)it occurred to sb.that…/it occurred to sb.to do sth.某人想到某事,
如:it occurred to her that she might adopt homeless child.
(她突然想到可以收养一个孤儿);
didnt it occur to you to close the window.
(你就没有想到要关窗户吗?)。
(2)prompt(v.)促便,动(n.)提示,付款期限(a.)敏捷的,迅速的,即时的
(3)profile(n.)剖面,侧面,外形,轮廓;态度,姿态
(4)downshift(v.)原意指减低汽车的档,这里指“放慢生活节奏”。
文中出现的downshifting是它的动名词形式,downshifter指的是选择这种生活的人
(5)preach(v.)传教,宣讲;宣扬,鼓吹
(6)resignation(n.)辞职(书);放弃,顺从;
resign(v.)辞职;听任
(7)doctrine(n.)教条,学说,主义
(8)anticonsumerism(n.)反消费主义。
anti-前缀意为“反,防”;-ism后缀意为“…主义”。
如:antiwar反战的,anti-colonial反殖民主义的,materialism唯物主义,adventurism冒险主义(9)drop out退学,脱离,【美俚】(因对传统的道德观和价值观不再抱幻想而)退出习俗社会,逃避现实
(10)redundancy(n.)冗余;redundant(a.)多余的
(11)mythical(a.)神话的,虚构的;myth:(n.)神话,虚构的故事
(12)本文词汇的特点是复合词的使用,
包括(1)副词+过去分词=复合形容词,文中出现了much-publicized多次公开宣称的
well-established稳定存在的,类似的词有:
well-informed消息灵通的,much-needed非常需要的;
(2)动词+副词=名词,文中出现了build-up增大,
类似的词有:put-off推迟,get-together联欢会,check-up检查;
(3)名词+名词=复合名词,文中出现了self-help自助,cling-filum(粘附+薄膜)保鲜膜,
类似的词有:book review书评,traffic light街灯
三、阅读答案:b?b?c?d
四、全文翻译:??
????????????当我决定辞去自己的全日制工作时决没有想到,自己竟成了一种新的国际性潮流的一份子。一次平级的人事调动伤了我的自尊心,并阻断了我的事业发展,这促使我放弃自己地位较高的职业,然而,我却像面子扫尽的政府部长那样,掩饰地说“我想与家人更多地呆在一起”。
????????????奇怪的是,大约两年半的时间我写完两部小说后,我这个被美国人称为“放慢生活节奏”的尝试,却使我所谓的累了的借口变成了现实。我已从一个“获得一切”哲学的狂热支持者,变成了一个乐于接受任何东西只要一丁点的女人。
????????????我已经发现(由于压力过大,凯茜已多次公开宜称要辞去《她》杂志编辑的职务,在这之后她也许会有同样发现),放弃“忙忙碌碌”的生活哲学,转而过一种“放慢生活节奏”的生活所带来的回报,比金钱和社会地位更有价值。什么也说服不了我回到过去那种凯尔茜所宣扬的、我也曾自得其乐的生活中去:每天12小时的工作日,压得人喘不过气来的最后期限,可怕而紧张的办公室里的争权夺利,以及在“最佳时期”做父母受到限制。
????????????在美国,摆脱忙碌,转而过一种简单、不太物质化的生活已成明确趋势。具有讽刺意味的是,“放慢生活节奏”——在美国也称“自愿简单化”——甚至孕育了一个崭新的、可称之为反消费主义的新领域。对于那些想过简单生活的人来说,有许多很畅销的 你轻松生活的自助书籍;有各种像《守财奴简报》这样的简讯,给美国人提供成千上万条有用的点子,从回收保鲜膜到自制肥皂;甚至还有一些 助团体, 助有些人按90年代中期逃避社会现实的人的生活方式去生活。
????????????在美国,这种趋势一开始是对经济衰落所做出的一种反应一一出现于80年代后期缩小经济规模所引起的大量人员冗余之后——现在这种趋势仍被认为与节俭政治有关联;而在英国,至少在我所认识的愿意简化生活的中产阶级中,却有着不同的缘由去寻求使自己的生活简单化。
????????????对我们这一代女性来说,整个80年代我们曾被迫忙碌地生活,90年代中期的简化生活与其说是寻求神话般的好生活——自己种有机蔬菜以及冒险成为像有机蔬菜一样简单淳朴的人——倒不如说我们都认识了自身的局限。

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